AUDIO, VIDEO, IMAGES, WEBSITES, AND MORE
©2019 by Donald R. Snow
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ABSTRACT: Internet Archive is a free website with a goal of preserving the world's knowledge.
In a previous class we discussed their text and book files and this class will
discuss their collection of audio, video, movies, TV shows, music, and "snapshots"
of the entire World Wide Web. On their Wayback Machine you can see and use what
was on the internet every few days from when they started in 1996. It also allows
you to upload material you want saved. This class will discuss how to find and
use these items and, as we discussed before, it is a gold mine of information for
family historians. The notes for this class and related articles, all with
internet links, are posted on my website
WELCOME AND INTRODUCTION
- Instructor is Donald R. Snow ( firstname.lastname@example.org
) of Provo and St. George, Utah.
- The notes for this class and related articles, all with active internet links, are posted on my website https://uvtagg.org/classes/dons/dons-classes.html . There are also other related articles there.
- Tips: (1) To put an icon on your desktop for the URL
for these notes, or any webpage, just drag the icon that is in front of the
address in your browser to your desktop. (2) To open a
link while keeping your place in the original page, hold down the
Control key while clicking the link, so the link opens in a new tab.
- An earlier class was on Internet Archive text items and how to use them and the notes are on my website.
- The problem for today: What does the Internet Archive contain besides text materials and how do you use it?
- The Internet Archive is a free website at https://archive.org/. (Note that "archive" is singular here.) and a Wikipedia article about it is at
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_Archive -- Quote from the Wikipedia article: "The Internet Archive is a San Francisco-based
nonprofit digital library with the stated mission of 'universal access to all knowledge'.
It provides free public access to collections of digitized materials, including websites,
software applications/games, music, movies/videos, moving images, and ... books." It was founded in 1996 by Brewster Kahle and is supported completely by donations
- Internet Archive blog has info on happenings -- https://blog.archive.org/
- On the Internet Archive home page are icons of the types of collections
we are discussing here with the approximate number of items.
- Web - 350 billion web pagesfrom 250 million websites
- Video - 5 million videos and TV shows
- Audio - 5 million files
- TV - 2 million TV news broadcasts
- Software - 1/2 million software items
- Images - 3 million images
- Concerts - 200,000 concerts of all kinds
- Audio and ebooks to borrow through their Open Library - nearly 1 million books
- The Collections icon lists 1/2 million collections of various kinds, including music,
text, movies, libraries, etc.; each collecton may contain hundreds or thousands of items
- Help articles
- Archive.org Home Page Overview --
- Internet Archive General Information --
- About archive.org --
- The Wayback Machine -- https://help.archive.org/hc/en-us/categories/360000553851-The-Wayback-Machine
- Items out of copyright are complete and completely downloadable; items still in copyright
have only a short segment, e.g. for music CDs still in copyright there may be only 30 seconds of each song on it
- Includes music, podcasts, radio broadcasts, digitizings of old 78 RPM records, TED talks, and much more -- lots of good stuff
- Internet Archive has audio downloads in several audio file formats such as mp3, ogg vorbis, wav, and VBR (Variable Bit Rate)
- mp3 is the most popular due to its file size, but is a lower quality format
- wav is the best format and is a lossless format
- ogg vorbis and VBR are lossless formats for better sound quality
comparisons at -- https://www.quora.com/Which-is-the-best-AAC-MP3-VBR-V0-or-OGG-Vorbis
- IThere may be several recordings of the same piece in several formats and/or from different original sources and with different sound settings.
- For a player VLC is a good and free one with many features -- available from -- https://www.videolan.org/vlc/download-windows.html
- Use the search box to find any song, piece of music, artist, or genre of music that you are interested in -- I've found hundreds of recordings of old 78 RPM jazz records that I've enjoyed downloading and listening to.
- Includes TV shows, news broadcasts, movies, concerts, and more
- Movies includes feature films, old comedy films, music films, Charlie Chaplin films, silent films, documentaries, movie trailers, and more
- TV News Archive includes current and old news programs
- Video collections includes hundreds of TV channels, both US and international with many of their past programs
- Use the search box for items you may be interested in.
- See video examples below.
- Many hits for locations, e.g. St. George,Utah got over 2,000 hits
which include buildings, posters, documents, and people
- Chesterfield, Derbyshire, England got 12 hits including several of old churches there and that's where my grandmother was from
- "North Hollywood" California got nearly 400 hits and that's where I grew up
- Try things like towns, buildings, people, events, etc.
- Seems to be mostly old versions of software, even commercial software, but old versions, and things such as books about software
- There are other internet websites with old versions of software for free
THE WAYBACK MACHINE
- Helps for The Wayback Machine -- https://help.archive.org/hc/en-us/articles/360004651732-Using-The-Wayback-Machine
- This is where all 351 billion webpages are stored; snapshots of
the entire internet on the days they "crawled" (scanned) it,
starting in 1996.
- The Wayback Machine search box is at the top of the Home page --
to get to the top of the Home page from anywhere else, click the
Internet Archive icon (the building) which is usually near the center
of the top of any screen you are on
- Example 1: Type in uvpafug.org , the website of our
Utah Valley PAF (Personal Ancestral File) Group which is now the
Utah Valley Technology and Genealogy Group; go to the year 2000
and down in the calendar below click on 16 Aug, the first day
they copied the website; That's what the webpage looked like back
then; click on Meetings and see who spoke at the 14 Feb 2000 meeting
and what the topic was; there were no handouts posted on the website
in those days; in 2001 we started video-taping the meetings and those
videos are still available and are being posted on our current website
https://uvtagg.org for members to view.
- Example 2: Washington County Historical Society --
http://wchsutah.org/ -- has had
174 captures starting on 04 May 2009; it's fun to look at and remember
the early formats of the website
- Example 3: familysearch.org has been crawled 17,435 times
since 08 May 1999; since the searches are dynamic on FamilySearch, I don't
think you can get it to search now; when the website came out my wife and
I were on missions as Directors of the New York Family History Center and
we were interviewed on TV about the new website - I'll have to look for those
interviews on the Video part of Internet Archive -- as some of us have said
before, we'll never live long enough to track down everything that is
available on our own lives, even :=)
- Example 4: http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/Training/FH_2008__03_MemberInvolvement__8757_eng_.wmv -- FH Training Video the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints put out; note who's on it
- There is a box in the upper right corner with the date and
arrows to go to the previous crawl or the next one
- Some years have more crawls for the website
than others, for some reason, perhaps due to the website not changing very much that year
- Sometimes hard to find what you are looking for, unless you know more details -- FAQs says they are working on an every-word index for it
- Click on Texts -- you see two large round icons at top left, Books to Borrow and Open Library
- Many ebooks and audio books and information is there to browse and check out books
- Includes a wiki with goal of at least one webpage for each book every published to show info, dates, publisher, etc.
- Open Library shows whether ebook is in or checked out; can add your name to wait list, if it's checked out
- Need a free Internet Archive account to check out audio or ebooks; they check out for two weeks
- Internet Archive has lots and lots of good information about the past and it continues to save and share the world's knowledge.
- The hardest thing about using it seems to getting hooked on browsing and looking at or listening to interesting items.
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